American Red Cross Hospital in Bitola (Monastir) after WW1

With the entry of America into the First World War on the side of the Entente on April 6, 1917, a number of female doctors offered their help to the military. At that time in America less than 6% of total number of physicians were women.
Although many of them were successful and already proven in their profession, they were accepted into the military only as nurses and auxiliary staff. In 1917, a special commission from the American Red Cross visited Thessaloniki (Salonika), where they were impressed by the success story of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals. Thus, in cooperation with A.W.H, a similar mission was decided to be sent to the Balkans.
The hospital was first located in Voden city in Greece and after the end of the war was transferred in Bitola (Monastir).

Read more about - “The Angels of Bitola” and “Тhe Flyless Hospital of the Balkans” – Bitola after the end of the First World War...  

Photo Gallery: American Red Cross Hospital in Bitola (Monastir) after WW1

Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
* Bitola (Monastir) and Macedonia after the First World War were part of Serbia.

Serbians* never had the hospital habit, for the simple reason that there were no institutions to practice the habit on. This native woman of Monastir was induced to visit the American Red Cross hospital after suffering several days with an ear-ache. Dr. Eugenie Flod Keyes and Dr. Mabel Flood of the Red Cross staff are administering relief in the above picture. The Serbian woman is doubtful but patient. She is dressed in the native costume of Monastir, each town of the country having its own brocaded in bright colors. At this dispensary, 150 people are treated every day

Original title: Serbians* never had the hospital habit, for the simple reason that there were no institutions to practice the habit on. This native woman of Monastir was induced to visit the American Red Cross hospital after suffering several days with an ear-ache. Dr. Eugenie Flod Keyes and Dr. Mabel Flood of the Red Cross staff are administering relief in the above picture. The Serbian woman is doubtful but patient. She is dressed in the native costume of Monastir, each town of the country having its own brocaded in bright colors. At this dispensary, 150 people are treated every day
* Bitola (Monastir) and Macedonia after the First World War were part of Serbia.
https://lccn.loc.gov/2017669601


Red Cross personnel at Monastir. From left to right, back row, Miss Rogers and two Serb workers, next row, Miss Rose and Mrs. Freeman, next row: Serbian workers, Major Rogers Perkins, Captain Austin, Captain Pfotzer, Miss Crosley, Lieut., Paul Ivanichevitch, Lieut. Adams, front row, Serbian orphan, Miss Mountain, Dr. Keyes, Capt. Lanning McFarland, Dr. Flood, Miss Saxton. The two army officers in the group, Capts. Austin and Pfotzer organized the municipal health department of Monastir and are members of it. Drs. Keys and Flood, the two Red Cross women, have been the Balkans for a year and a half. During the Allied advance they worked in the front line dressing stations in the capacity of surgeons for days
Original title: Red Cross personnel at Monastir. From left to right, back row, Miss Rogers and two Serb workers, next row, Miss Rose and Mrs. Freeman, next row: Serbian workers, Major Rogers Perkins, Captain Austin, Captain Pfotzer, Miss Crosley, Lieut., Paul Ivanichevitch, Lieut. Adams, front row, Serbian orphan, Miss Mountain, Dr. Keyes, Capt. Lanning McFarland, Dr. Flood, Miss Saxton. The two army officers in the group, Capts. Austin and Pfotzer organized the municipal health department of Monastir and are members of it. Drs. Keys and Flood, the two Red Cross women, have been the Balkans for a year and a half. During the Allied advance they worked in the front line dressing stations in the capacity of surgeons for days
Date of photo: 25 July 1919 [date received]
https://lccn.loc.gov/2017669651

Christians and Mohammedans alike call on the A.R.C. in Southern Serbia for aid. These women have lined up outside a Red Cross office in Monastir with applications and recommendations for medical relief and food. Miss Saxton and Miss Carolyn Mountain are the two Red Cross workers in charge of the relief lists. The first two women with their faces veiled are of Turkish descent and Mohammadan faith. The house in the background is a typical Turkish residence of this country. The overhanging balcony is especially built for the harem, in order that the women might look up and down the street from little grilled windows without being seen
Original title: Christians and Mohammedans alike call on the A.R.C. in Southern Serbia for aid. These women have lined up outside a Red Cross office in Monastir with applications and recommendations for medical relief and food. Miss Saxton and Miss Carolyn Mountain are the two Red Cross workers in charge of the relief lists. The first two women with their faces veiled are of Turkish descent and Mohammadan faith. The house in the background is a typical Turkish residence of this country. The overhanging balcony is especially built for the harem, in order that the women might look up and down the street from little grilled windows without being seen
Created / Published: 19 July 1919 [date received]
https://lccn.loc.gov/2017669606

After the Bulgarians and Austrians were driven from the hills around Monastir, the A.R.C. established its first civilian hospital in this old Turkish school building. It had the roof, windows and doors shot out by shell-fire and the floors ripped up for the soldiers. But the Americans repaired it with the help of some prisoners of war and is now caring for seventy five people within its walls. The cases are mostly typhus and civilians, wounded by shells and bombs accidentally exploded in the nearby fields. In the background is a Turkish watch-tower, built and used by the Ottomans during their regime over this country to keep a constant eye on the town and surrounding country.
Original title: After the Bulgarians and Austrians were driven from the hills around Monastir, the A.R.C. established its first civilian hospital in this old Turkish school building. It had the roof, windows and doors shot out by shell-fire and the floors ripped up for the soldiers. But the Americans repaired it with the help of some prisoners of war and is now caring for seventy five people within its walls. The cases are mostly typhus and civilians, wounded by shells and bombs accidentally exploded in the nearby fields. In the background is a Turkish watch-tower, built and used by the Ottomans during their regime over this country to keep a constant eye on the town and surrounding country.
Created / Published: 19 July 1919 [date received]
https://lccn.loc.gov/2017669602

No Bath, No Food is American Rule in Balkans. A group of Balkan refugees in the yard of the American Red Cross Hospital at Monastir. To prevent the spread of Typhus and other diseases the Americans require every one asking aid of them to take a bath, which is provided in the building in the background. The food cards which they receive from the Red Cross unless the bath mark upon them has been punched. This particular group has just made its way back from an internment camp in Bulgaria. The man at the right in his bare feet has just had a bath, while the others are waiting to be called. During the bath their clothes are sterilized. The copper pot on the ground is a precious possession. It has been with this group throughout their four years of war travel
Original title: No Bath, No Food is American Rule in Balkans. A group of Balkan refugees in the yard of the American Red Cross Hospital at Monastir. To prevent the spread of Typhus and other diseases the Americans require every one asking aid of them to take a bath, which is provided in the building in the background. The food cards which they receive from the Red Cross unless the bath mark upon them has been punched. This particular group has just made its way back from an internment camp in Bulgaria. The man at the right in his bare feet has just had a bath, while the others are waiting to be called. During the bath their clothes are sterilized. The copper pot on the ground is a precious possession. It has been with this group throughout their four years of war travel
Created / Published: 25 July 1919 [date received]
https://lccn.loc.gov/2017669652

A battery of American tractors in the Monastir valley of Serbia sent by the A.R.C. to replace the horses and oxen stolen from the peasants by the enemy. They are to be loaned to the farmers of Serbians to help them prepare their land and regain their economic independence. The Red Cross has an operating crew and a repair shop to insure full use of this agricultural machinery. It is estimated that the Serbians lost 224,000,000 worth of horses, farming implements and machinery as a result of the German and Austrian invasion
A battery of American tractors in the Monastir valley of Serbia sent by the A.R.C. to replace the horses and oxen stolen from the peasants by the enemy. They are to be loaned to the farmers of Serbians to help them prepare their land and regain their economic independence. The Red Cross has an operating crew and a repair shop to insure full use of this agricultural machinery. It is estimated that the Serbians lost 224,000,000 worth of horses, farming implements and machinery as a result of the German and Austrian invasion
Created / Published: 19 July 1919 [date received]
https://lccn.loc.gov/2017669607

"Spilling the beans" in Serbia. Two war orphans serving American bean rations to their fellow country people at Monastir, Serbia. These two girls at the side of the Bean box are being cared for at the American Red Cross Orphanage. They assist in the relief work as shown here
"Spilling the beans" in Serbia. Two war orphans serving American bean rations to their fellow country people at Monastir, Serbia. These two girls at the side of the Bean box are being cared for at the American Red Cross Orphanage. They assist in the relief work as shown here
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.04077

A brave little rooster walking down the bread line that formed in front of the American Red Cross station at Monastir, Serbia, a rooster took a big chance. Note the attention that he is getting from the people despite the fact that they are being photographed by an "Amerykanski". Many of these people have walked over mountain roads for clothing, medicine and food, which the Red Cross distributed throughout the Balkans
A brave little rooster walking down the bread line that formed in front of the American Red Cross station at Monastir, Serbia, a rooster took a big chance. Note the attention that he is getting from the people despite the fact that they are being photographed by an "Amerykanski". Many of these people have walked over mountain roads for clothing, medicine and food, which the Red Cross distributed throughout the Balkans
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.04901

American dentists in Monastir. Captain Frank L. Adams of West Tampa, Fla. is doing the first dental work for a Serbian girl seen in native costume. This dental workshop which is maintained by the American Red Cross has a steady stream of calls from Serbians who are curious to have their teeth examined for the first time in their lives
American dentists in Monastir. Captain Frank L. Adams of West Tampa, Fla. is doing the first dental work for a Serbian girl seen in native costume. This dental workshop which is maintained by the American Red Cross has a steady stream of calls from Serbians who are curious to have their teeth examined for the first time in their lives
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.03975

From this little desk was done the paper work that distributed relief to many thousand Serbian refugees in the Monastir district. Captain Lanning Mc Farland, a Harvard student, was in charge of the American Red Cross work in this town. He operated a bakery, hospital, bathing establishment, warehouse and feeding station. He is shown at his desk examining the application of a Turkish woman for relief
From this little desk was done the paper work that distributed relief to many thousand Serbian refugees in the Monastir district. Captain Lanning Mc Farland, a Harvard student, was in charge of the American Red Cross work in this town. He operated a bakery, hospital, bathing establishment, warehouse and feeding station. He is shown at his desk examining the application of a Turkish woman for relief
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.04695

Children of Monastir calling at the depot of the A.R.C. set up in an old shelled building for their rations of bread, lard and other foodstuffs sent from the United States to check the starvation in Southern Serbia. Each of the inhabitants is given a two pound loaf of bread, a pound of rice, beans and sugar each week
Children of Monastir calling at the depot of the A.R.C. set up in an old shelled building for their rations of bread, lard and other foodstuffs sent from the United States to check the starvation in Southern Serbia. Each of the inhabitants is given a two pound loaf of bread, a pound of rice, beans and sugar each week
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.03944

Carl Randan & Capt. Aupperle in Monastir. A Minaret working a Mohammedan mosque, in the rear. These minarets have an interior circular stairway & several times daily a "Muezzin" or priest climbs up and shouts a Jew prayer from the little balcony
Carl Randan & Capt. Aupperle in Monastir. A Minaret working a Mohammedan mosque, in the rear. These minarets have an interior circular stairway & several times daily a "Muezzin" or priest climbs up and shouts a Jew prayer from the little balcony
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.03923

American tractors in Serbia. The American Red Cross has thirty farm tractors tilling the soil in southern Serbia. These modern machines are proving a great boon to the Serbian Farmers who have been wothout agricultural implements for four years and whose land has been idle for want of the plough all during the war
American tractors in Serbia. The American Red Cross has thirty farm tractors tilling the soil in southern Serbia. These modern machines are proving a great boon to the Serbian Farmers who have been wothout agricultural implements for four years and whose land has been idle for want of the plough all during the war
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.03816

Reaping with a bayonet. Bereft of all Agricultural Implements by the invading armies, the peasants of Serbia harvest their crops with what tools they can obtain. This shows a man and his wife cutting grain with small sickles. The man fashioned his from a bayonet. To aid Serbia in planting and harvesting the American Red Cross sent 1,000,600 worth of Agricultural machinery into the country and taught the Serbs how to use these modern contrivances
Reaping with a bayonet. Bereft of all Agricultural Implements by the invading armies, the peasants of Serbia harvest their crops with what tools they can obtain. This shows a man and his wife cutting grain with small sickles. The man fashioned his from a bayonet. To aid Serbia in planting and harvesting the American Red Cross sent 1,000,600 worth of Agricultural machinery into the country and taught the Serbs how to use these modern contrivances
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.04915

Misery knows neither sex nor age in devastated Serbia. This old man doesn't need a top hat nor a frock coat but some old gentleman's cast-off clothing to take the place of the indescribable garment he now wears would ease his declining years. For him and thousands like him the A.R.C. is conducting a nationwide collection of used clothing, shoes and blankets
Misery knows neither sex nor age in devastated Serbia. This old man doesn't need a top hat nor a frock coat but some old gentleman's cast-off clothing to take the place of the indescribable garment he now wears would ease his declining years. For him and thousands like him the A.R.C. is conducting a nationwide collection of used clothing, shoes and blankets
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.03207

"A wilderness of rags," is the description travellers give of devastated Serbia and the garb of these small Serbians tells why. Thousands of men, women and children in this unhappy land and others that were laid waste by the Hun must wear clothing like this until civilized garments reach them from the nationwide collection of used clothing, shoes and blankets conducted by the A.R.C. for the refugees in Allied Countries
"A wilderness of rags," is the description travellers give of devastated Serbia and the garb of these small Serbians tells why. Thousands of men, women and children in this unhappy land and others that were laid waste by the Hun must wear clothing like this until civilized garments reach them from the nationwide collection of used clothing, shoes and blankets conducted by the A.R.C. for the refugees in Allied Countries
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.03198

Buffalo motor van A.R.C. ambulance in Serbia
Buffalo motor van A.R.C. ambulance in Serbia
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.03122

Transportation in southern Serbia
Transportation in southern Serbia
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.03071

Although the A.R.C. station does not open until eight o'clock these people formed in line at daybreak. They are refugees and destitute people of the town who call every two weeks. Each has a Red Cross card showing the amount of food he or she is entitled to. Each one represents a family. The station serves 600 people everyday, distributing bread, lard, beans and clothes. They use sacks, shawls, aprons and even their skirts to carry the food away in
Although the A.R.C. station does not open until eight o'clock these people formed in line at daybreak. They are refugees and destitute people of the town who call every two weeks. Each has a Red Cross card showing the amount of food he or she is entitled to. Each one represents a family. The station serves 600 people everyday, distributing bread, lard, beans and clothes. They use sacks, shawls, aprons and even their skirts to carry the food away in
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.03634

Part of the huge bakery at Monastir turned over to the A.R.C. by the French Army. If formerly supplied the Allied Army of the Orient with 125,000 loaves of bread a day. Now it is sued to help feed the starving civilian population in this district of the Balkans. The baskets heaped in the background are used to hold the kneaded dough, which is placed in the pits drawing heat from the fire-boxes, to rise. The fires are raked out and the dough is put into the fire-boxes on long planks being baked by the heat retained in the sontes. Each loaf baked here weighs three pounds and is in the shape of a fair-sized dish-pan. A mill where wheat is ground into flour adjoins the bakery and is operated by the A.R.C.
Part of the huge bakery at Monastir turned over to the A.R.C. by the French Army. If formerly supplied the Allied Army of the Orient with 125,000 loaves of bread a day. Now it is sued to help feed the starving civilian population in this district of the Balkans. The baskets heaped in the background are used to hold the kneaded dough, which is placed in the pits drawing heat from the fire-boxes, to rise. The fires are raked out and the dough is put into the fire-boxes on long planks being baked by the heat retained in the sontes. Each loaf baked here weighs three pounds and is in the shape of a fair-sized dish-pan. A mill where wheat is ground into flour adjoins the bakery and is operated by the A.R.C.
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.03633

Miss Robia Whedon, Dr. McCarthy and Serbian Helper, with disinfection machine formerly used by Germans
Miss Robia Whedon, Dr. McCarthy and Serbian Helper, with disinfection machine formerly used by Germans
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.03318

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