Dobro Pole - WW1 location in Macedonia - 360 Video Walk

Dobro Pole (Добро Поле, English translation: Good medow) is WW1 location in Municipality of Novaci on the Macedonian - Greek border. This is the location where one of the decisive battles on the Macedonian Front and First World War hapened.
More on the Battle for Dobro Pole you can find on the following link >>>

To virtually explore the location just play the video. It is best seen on 4K but this can also be slow.  For best experience use google cardboard or VR headset.

Gorna Crkva - Upper Church in village Staravina Mariovo

 “Gorna Crkva” - Upper Church in village Staravina Mariovo

According to the stories of the local population, this church was built by the Serbian government after the First World War, with the intention the basement of the same, to serve as an ossuary for the killed Serbian soldiers in this part of the Macedonian front.
Namely, near the villages Budimirci and Gruniste there are large number of graves from the Serbian army, which after the war, with the use of the land again for farming, started slowly to lose their traces.
It is known that during the First World War, the Serbian army was stationed in this part of the front and some of the major battles took place precisely in the region Mariovo. The battles for Kaimaktsalan, Dobro Pole, Grunishki Vis etc. were battles in which many soldiers gave their lives, mostly from the Serbian and Bulgarian army, in which on both sides were also many forcibly recruited soldiers from Macedonia.
The Front line passed through the village Staravina and we can say that the real victim of the First World War was the local population in Mariovo, with a mortality rate over 50% in most villages and severe economic consequences for their property.
Especially difficult was the life in Mariovo long time after the war and according to some, this was the reason why the people never accepted this church and why it today, though solid in construction, without roof and alone welcomes the guests at the entrance of village Staravina .
“Gorna Crkva” - Upper Church in village Staravina Mariovo

On the image can be seen a concrete construction in front of the church - a relic of  First World War bunker.

Lecture: "Dutch Medical Missions to Macedonia in World War One" by John Stienen

Discover the unknown Dutch-Macedonian links from the past!
Embassy of the Netherlands in Macedonia is happy to announce the lecture "Dutch Medical Missions to Macedonia in World War One", held by John Stienen.

  • 24 April at 7 pm, at the Military Museum of Macedonia, and
  • 25 April at 1 pm, at the City Museum of Bitola

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The Netherlands was neutral during World War One, but surrounded by warring nations. The general public in the Netherlands financially supported Dutch medical teams abroad at that time.

A remarkable mission was that of dr. Henri van Dijk, who led a non-military hospital in Bitola in 1917. Van Dijk and six nurses kept open the polyclinic to treat the most urgent cases among the civilian population.
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John Stienen, M.Sc. (1972) is Senior Policy Advisor at the Netherlands Ministry of Interior and Kingdom Relations with a broad interest in historical subjects – especially if they connect Netherlands to Central and Eastern Europe. An industrial engineer (Eindhoven University of Technology, 2002) by vocation, he has been conducting research on lesser known topics such as internees and prisoners of war in Netherlands during World War One, or Dutch humanitarian presence on the Balkans in the early 20th century.
The Dutch Medical Mission to Monastir (Bitola) - May 16, 1917 - The Illustrated war News

Photo - The Dutch Medical Mission to Monastir (Bitola) - May 16, 1917 - The Illustrated war News

“Underground telephones work both ways” - Bitola during WW1 - notes by Mary L. Matthews

Mary L. Matthews (1864-1950)  was missionary in the Protestant American School for Girls in Bitola (Monastir).  She arrived in Bitola in 1888 and her post lasted for 32 years, in which she took only three short furloughs to the U.S., in 1893-1896, 1904-1905, and 1913-1915.
She was a witness of the Ilinden upraise, the situation of the local population during Turkish Rule, the Young Turks' Revolution in 1908, Balkan Wars, First World War and she remained in Bitola until 1920.
During this time she kept a diary recording many events and also she personally took many valuable photos with her own camera.
In this post, short note is presented, giving valuable information about Bitola during the First World War.
Location of the American School for Girls in Bitola (only the entrance door is preserved)
Location of the American School for Girls in Bitola (only the entrance door is preserved) Photo: www.bitola.info

Memories of Mary L. Matthews: March 20, Tues. 1917.

Mayor Leshnarovitch brought two French officers to find quarters for the General.
I said I could not give quarters to the military,--that our property was neutral as America was not in the war.
They went away but soon returned and said they had orders to come here and we must evacuate the Annex by noon!
The families occupying the cellar had to be moved to rooms in the Orphanage yard. Things not to be used were locked in closets. Then, General Dessort of the French Army's 16th Division came with eighteen of his men and settled them selves in the Annex and the laundry in the rear yard.
I had objected and said we should have shells, but the General said,
"How would they  (the enemy) know?"
I said they would know.
We had not had a shell on our compound for three months and that might have been a mistake. The Germans had occupied Monastir from Nov. 1915 to Nov. 1916, and they knew the city well.
The first night, nothing.
The next night, at ten o'clock, six shells!
One fell in an alley across the street.
We heard someone was killed there.
One was near enough to make the General seek the cellar.
One broke in the side of a neighboring building.
Another fell in our garden at the root of my best apricot tree, and buried itself in the soft ground unexploded. Any digging there may yet explode it. It was very large.
Then came a big shrapnel through the roof of the Main Building,  exploding in the dormittory on the second floor. There were about thirty of us in the Basement. I did not know but it might be an incendary shell. With a dark lantern and one of the brethren I went upstairs to see what I should see. There was a large hole in the ceiling of the dormitory. The head of the shrapnel had gone into the chimney and almost out on the other side. The bullets and pieces of the missile scattered in various directions. A hundred and forty pierced the door of a store-room and some still had power to go through magazines and an old Geography. Our supply of matches was"scattered over the floor, but they were safety matches,  (parlor matches had been hidden away in an old cookstove in the cellar.)
One bullet went across the street and into the neighbor's guest room.
Later, we found about 400 bullets. Pieces of the shell went through the floor into the school-room.
The next night, at ten o'clock, a big shell fell in the hard play-ground making a crater about three feet deep, near the back steps, not far from where we were gathered in the basement,  in the school dining-room.
I told the General these were for him.
He believed me this time, and moved to another house not very far away. The shells followed him there!
He moved to a place nearer the edge of the city. Even there the enemy followed him and his staff.    Then he left the city for a distant mountain.
He did us one favor.
He sent a Captain with masks for us all. He knew the French would fire gas and the enemy would return it. The 37 masks were fitted to us and marked with our names.
A protest to the U.S. Consul in Salonica against occupation of our property by military was made. There was no further attempt by the French.
Underground telephones work both ways in war.
Not long after the General left us, three women in the usual black clothing, opened our street gate and came in. I saw them looking around and went out to ask what they wished. They inquired if we had a shelter.
I said we had only the basement of the Main Building.
Then, one asked, "Are there any French here?"
I said,  "Not now".
"That is what we wanted, to know," one said. They went away satisfied. They knew I would tell the truth. The last of the General's men had gone. Had I told them there were any French there, they would have reported to the enemy and more shells would have been sent to us.
Underground telephones work both ways.

Read More:

The story of Hotel Europe in Bitola during WW1

Excerpt from: The Story of The Salonika Army by G. Ward Price - OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENT WITH THE ALLIED FORCES IN THE BALKANS - NEW YORK - EDWARD J. CLODE – 1918

....There was one hotel in Monastir (Bitola) for whose plight in this respect I felt real sympathy. I went there to get quarters for my servant, and looking round for the name, saw only splashes of fresh whitewash in the places where you would have expected the sign of the hotel to be.

"What's the name of the hotel?" I asked the Greek proprietor.

He smiled uneasily. "Oh, you will find it quite easily again," he said; "there's the main street just there and you turn up by---"

Yes, I know; but what's its name?

"Well," said the owner, with hesitation, "it hasn't got a name yet."

However, next morning a new name went up. I found a flamboyant fresh gilt sign with the title "Hôtel Européen" being hoisted into place. I then learned the eventful history of the hotel's designation. When the Serbians had won Monastir from the Turks the proprietor had suitably commemorated the event and striven to attract official favour by changing its original name to that of "Hôtel de la Nouvelle Serbie."
Three years afterwards, in the same month, the Bulgars had taken the town from the Serbs, and the establishment quickly became "Hôtel de la Nouvelle Bulgarie."
Now, exactly twelve months later, the Serbs had recaptured Monastir, and the "Nouvelle Bulgarie" sign had to come down with a run to avoid certain trouble. So the proprietor told me that he had now given up trying to keep in touch with these constant changes of the town's nationality. The need of continually having his sign repainted was eating into the profits of his business, and delay in getting rid of the old one, or an error in tact in choosing the new, might well lead to harsh suspicions of the kind that are disposed of by firing-parties at dawn.
So he had decided in future to hedge.
Under the sign of "Hôtel Européen" he told me he felt that, for some time at any rate, he could have an easy mind. The armies of conflicting states could stream down the main street alongside, their officers could spend persecuted nights in his dubious beds., without their wrath being still further influenced by indignation at the national sentiments expressed by the name of the hotel. And in the flush of confidence which the unexceptionable yet dignified title of "Hôtel Européen" inspired, I noticed, when I came to pay the bill, that the proprietor had raised his prices for rooms two francs above any other hotel in the town.
...
Changing the Bulgarian name of the Hotel de Nouvean, Monastir, November, 1916
Photo: Capture of Monastir. Changing the Bulgarian name of the Hotel de Nouvean, Monastir, November, 1916. MINISTRY OF INFORMATION FIRST WORLD WAR OFFICIAL COLLECTION

Bitola During WW1 - Then and Now Photo Gallery

Bitola During WW1 compared to the same or approximate locations today.
Мain goal of this photo gallery is through photographs of the First World War, to depict the demolition of Bitola during the First World War.
The gallery is constantly updated with new photos, so be sure to visit it again.

Source of old Photos:
Ministère de la Culture (France) - Médiathèque de l'architecture et du patrimoine - diffusion RMN
- „Битола низ стари разгледници“ (Bitola old postcards) - author: Dimche Najdov 
- Other internet sources

New photos: Pargovski Jove

More information on: Bitola during WW1


Old Bazaar Bitola - St. Nektarij Street - View toward Isak Mosque  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Old Bazaar Bitola - St. Nektarij Street - View toward Isak Mosque  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Bulevar 1-vi Maj Street - view toward Pelister  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Bulevar 1-vi Maj Street - view toward Pelister  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Sirok Sokak street near "Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Sirok Sokak street near "Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Victims of Gas bombs - Sirok Sokak street "Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Victims of Gas bombs - Sirok Sokak street "Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Old Bazaar Bitola - St. Nektarij / Skopska street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Old Bazaar Bitola - St. Nektarij / Skopska street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Sirok Sokak street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Sirok Sokak street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Stopanska Banka Bitola - Jorgo Osmano Street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Stopanska Banka Bitola - Jorgo Osmano Street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Magnolia Square - One / Vip Store  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Magnolia Square - One / Vip Store  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Art and Trade school during Turkish time   - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Art and Trade school during Turkish time, later factory for chocolates and candy "Progres",     - Bitola 1917 - 2017

House of Army "Oficerski"  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
House of Army "Oficerski"  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

View toward Isak Mosque from the Clock Tower  - Bitola during WW1
View toward Isak Mosque from the Clock Tower  - Bitola during WW1

Shirok Sokak Bitola near Hotel Epinal  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Shirok Sokak Bitola near Hotel Epinal  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

"Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
"Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Clock Tower Bitola - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Clock Tower Bitola - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Shirok Sokak Street - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Shirok Sokak Street - Bitola 1917 - 2017

The "Mill" in Bitola 1917 - 2017
The "Mill" in Bitola 1917 - 2017

The main street "Shirok Sokak" in Bitola near the House of Army "Oficerski"
The main street "Shirok Sokak" in Bitola near the House of Army "Oficerski"

Hotel Constitution (left) damaged by the bombardment of Bitola during WW1. On this location today is Hotel Epinal.
Hotel Constitution (left) damaged by the bombardment of Bitola during WW1. On this location today is Hotel Epinal.

"Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge) on Kurderes river. Bitola 1917 - 2017
"Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge) on Kurderes river. Bitola 1917 - 2017

Entente armies on the main street in Bitola - Shirok Sokak - 1917 - 2017
Entente armies on the main street in Bitola - Shirok Sokak - 1917 - 2017

Magnolia square in Bitola during WW1
Magnolia square in Bitola during WW1

Hamza Bey - "Mosque of Three Sheyks" in Bitola 1917-2017 (Solunska street).On the photo also can be seen the riverbed of Kurderes river
Hamza Bey - "Mosque of Three Sheyks" in Bitola 1917-2017 (Solunska street).On the photo also can be seen the riverbed of Kurderes river


Jewish neighborhood in Bitola during WW1. Today Medical emergency on left and residential houses on right. On the new photo also can be seen the minaret of Isak Mosque.
Jewish neighborhood in Bitola during WW1. Today Medical emergency on left and residential houses on right. On the new photo also can be seen the minaret of Isak Mosque.

Clock Tower in Bitola 1917 - 2017
Clock Tower in Bitola 1917 - 2017

Clock Tower in Bitola 1917 - 2017
Clock Tower in Bitola 1917 - 2017

Prince Aleksandar I Karađorđević with Admiral Ernest Charles Thomas Troubridge in Bitola (21 November 1916) compared to same location in March 2017.
Prince Aleksandar I Karađorđević with Admiral Ernest Charles Thomas Troubridge in Bitola (21 November 1916) compared to same location in March 2017.

Panorama - House of Army "Oficerski" in Bitola 1917 - 2017
Panorama - House of Army "Oficerski" in Bitola 1917 - 2017

More photos coming soon ....

Bitola March 1917 - Photo Gallery

Bitola March 1917 - Photo Gallery
Location: Various locations in Bitola (Monastir), Macedonia
Photographer: "Opérateur K (code armée, photographe)"
Source of Photos: Ministère de la Culture (France) - Médiathèque de l'architecture et du patrimoine - diffusion RMN
Date of photos: March 1917 - during First Word War
Original image legends in French. Translation in English and comments – Macedonia 1912-1918 team


Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola. Captain Lempereur, 272nd Division and a staff officer dictating a telegram during the battle of 19 March
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola. Captain Lempereur, 272nd Division and a staff officer dictating a telegram during the battle of 19 March


Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). Trenches of the Crvena Stena (“Red Rock”) removed by the 175th Infantry, 12 hours before during a violent “Marmitage” with 150 mm shell
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). Trenches of the Crvena Stena (“Red Rock”) removed by the 175th Infantry, 12 hours before during a violent “Marmitage” with 150 mm shell
Marmitage - Dense and continuous bombardment of artillery

Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). Trenches of the Crvena Stena (“Red Rock”) removed by the 175th Infantry, 12 hours before during a violent “Marmitage” with 150 mm shell
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). Trenches of the Crvena Stena (“Red Rock”) removed by the 175th Infantry, 12 hours before during a violent “Marmitage” with 150 mm shell
Marmitage - Dense and continuous bombardment of artillery

Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). An attack takes place on the hill 1248
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). An attack takes place on the hill 1248


Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). An attack takes place on the hill 1248
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). An attack takes place on the hill 1248


Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  At 4:30 pm, March 19, 1917: The eighth colonial is lying in a ravine, resting before the attack fixed at 5 pm
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  At 4:30 pm, March 19, 1917: The eighth colonial is lying in a ravine, resting before the attack fixed at 5 pm

Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  At 4:30 pm, March 19, 1917: The eighth colonial is lying in a ravine, resting before the attack fixed at 5 pm
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  At 4:30 pm, March 19, 1917: The eighth colonial is lying in a ravine, resting before the attack fixed at 5 pm

Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  Organization of positions
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  Organization of positions

Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  Attack of the hill 1057 starting from the hill 1248 conquered the day before. Artillery organizing itself on its position
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  Attack of the hill 1057 starting from the hill 1248 conquered the day before. Artillery organizing itself on its position


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission: Dr. van Djik of the Dutch mission transporting a child asphyxiated by gas.
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission: Dr. van Djik of the Dutch mission transporting a child asphyxiated by gas.
Editor note:
The Dutch mission in Bitola led by  Dr. van Djik, of the Dutch Red Cross was located in the School of the Sisters of St. Joseph, which had been transformed into a hospital for civilians.  
“For four months and under a rain of shells, Dr van Djik and his six Dutch sisters of mercy have nursed the hapless population of Monastir. The Dutch Mission has done excellent work and shown heroic devotion. The Serbs have recognized this officially by conferring the Gold Medal for Gallantry upon Dr. van Djik and the Silver Medal upon each of the six nurses. This distinction is only in rare cases bestowed upon the Serbian medical staff, and had never before been given to foreigners. “ 
Read More: VISIT TO BOMBARDED MONASTIR (Bitola) April 4, 1917 - By Rudolphe Archibald Reiss




In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission: Dutch Doctor Van Djik looking at the victims of gas bombardment
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission: Dutch Doctor Van Djik looking at the victims of gas bombardment 

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. People from Bitola waiting for bread distribution
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. People from Bitola waiting for bread distribution


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  People from Bitola in the city after the bombing
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  People from Bitola in the city after the bombing


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  Transportation of the victims of the bombing
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  Transportation of the victims of the bombing


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. Serb Colonel Vasitch after the bombing
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. Serb Colonel Vasitch after the bombing


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. 

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. Inhabitants of Bitola
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. Inhabitants of Bitola


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  Metropolitan residence. Inhabitants leaving their shelter
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  Metropolitan residence. Inhabitants leaving their shelter


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The day after bombardment with asphyxiating gases: Transport of the bodies of a mother and her two sons
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The day after bombardment with asphyxiating gases: Transport of the bodies of a mother and her two sons


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  The Clock Tower
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  The Clock Tower

The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola:   Commander Collat on the newly conquered lines
The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola:   Commander Collat on the newly conquered lines


The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917).  First front lines near Bitola: Battle around the Hill 1248. Reserves waiting to go to reinforce 1248 in the trenches conquered the day before
The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917).  First front lines near Bitola: Battle around the Hill 1248. Reserves waiting to go to reinforce 1248 in the trenches conquered the day before

The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola
The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Ruins in the center of the city
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Ruins in the center of the city


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The monastery, former Q.G. of General Sicre: After the bombing
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The monastery, former Q.G. of General Sicre: After the bombing
Editor note: Krstoar Monastery still existing today

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The Monastery destroyed by our (French) artillery
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The Monastery destroyed by our (French) artillery

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). First shelters at the monastery
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). First shelters at the monastery


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Old Turk repairing the damage of a shell
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Old Turk repairing the damage of a shell


The attack on Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola: Soldiers sleep after the attack
The attack on Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola: Soldiers sleep after the attack


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage of shell in the Main Street
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage of shell in the Main Street

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage of shell in the Main Street
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage of shell in the Main Street

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). La Grande Rue: Looking south
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). La Grande Rue: Looking south

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The day after bombardment by incendiary shells
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The day after bombardment by incendiary shells


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). General view of the burnt area
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). General view of the burnt area

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). In the street next to the disaster
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). In the street next to the disaster


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Rescue of an truck fallen in the Dragor River
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Rescue of an truck fallen in the Dragor River


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage along the Dragor River
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage along the Dragor River


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). A bridge in the upper town
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). A bridge in the upper town


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Unloading of cart: Young Turk watching, women carrying sack
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Unloading of cart: Young Turk watching, women carrying sack


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). View taken towards north
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). View taken towards north

Editor note: Solunska street view toward Hamza Bey Mosque