The story of Hotel Europe in Bitola during WW1

Excerpt from: The Story of The Salonika Army by G. Ward Price - OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENT WITH THE ALLIED FORCES IN THE BALKANS - NEW YORK - EDWARD J. CLODE – 1918

....There was one hotel in Monastir (Bitola) for whose plight in this respect I felt real sympathy. I went there to get quarters for my servant, and looking round for the name, saw only splashes of fresh whitewash in the places where you would have expected the sign of the hotel to be.

"What's the name of the hotel?" I asked the Greek proprietor.

He smiled uneasily. "Oh, you will find it quite easily again," he said; "there's the main street just there and you turn up by---"

Yes, I know; but what's its name?

"Well," said the owner, with hesitation, "it hasn't got a name yet."

However, next morning a new name went up. I found a flamboyant fresh gilt sign with the title "Hôtel Européen" being hoisted into place. I then learned the eventful history of the hotel's designation. When the Serbians had won Monastir from the Turks the proprietor had suitably commemorated the event and striven to attract official favour by changing its original name to that of "Hôtel de la Nouvelle Serbie."
Three years afterwards, in the same month, the Bulgars had taken the town from the Serbs, and the establishment quickly became "Hôtel de la Nouvelle Bulgarie."
Now, exactly twelve months later, the Serbs had recaptured Monastir, and the "Nouvelle Bulgarie" sign had to come down with a run to avoid certain trouble. So the proprietor told me that he had now given up trying to keep in touch with these constant changes of the town's nationality. The need of continually having his sign repainted was eating into the profits of his business, and delay in getting rid of the old one, or an error in tact in choosing the new, might well lead to harsh suspicions of the kind that are disposed of by firing-parties at dawn.
So he had decided in future to hedge.
Under the sign of "Hôtel Européen" he told me he felt that, for some time at any rate, he could have an easy mind. The armies of conflicting states could stream down the main street alongside, their officers could spend persecuted nights in his dubious beds., without their wrath being still further influenced by indignation at the national sentiments expressed by the name of the hotel. And in the flush of confidence which the unexceptionable yet dignified title of "Hôtel Européen" inspired, I noticed, when I came to pay the bill, that the proprietor had raised his prices for rooms two francs above any other hotel in the town.
...
Changing the Bulgarian name of the Hotel de Nouvean, Monastir, November, 1916
Photo: Capture of Monastir. Changing the Bulgarian name of the Hotel de Nouvean, Monastir, November, 1916. MINISTRY OF INFORMATION FIRST WORLD WAR OFFICIAL COLLECTION

Bitola During WW1 - Then and Now Photo Gallery

Bitola During WW1 compared to the same or approximate locations today.
Мain goal of this photo gallery is through photographs of the First World War, to depict the demolition of Bitola during the First World War.
The gallery is constantly updated with new photos, so be sure to visit it again.

Source of old Photos:
Ministère de la Culture (France) - Médiathèque de l'architecture et du patrimoine - diffusion RMN
- „Битола низ стари разгледници“ (Bitola old postcards) - author: Dimche Najdov 
- Other internet sources

New photos: Pargovski Jove

More information on: Bitola during WW1


Old Bazaar Bitola - St. Nektarij Street - View toward Isak Mosque  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Old Bazaar Bitola - St. Nektarij Street - View toward Isak Mosque  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Bulevar 1-vi Maj Street - view toward Pelister  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Bulevar 1-vi Maj Street - view toward Pelister  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Sirok Sokak street near "Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Sirok Sokak street near "Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Victims of Gas bombs - Sirok Sokak street "Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Victims of Gas bombs - Sirok Sokak street "Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Old Bazaar Bitola - St. Nektarij / Skopska street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Old Bazaar Bitola - St. Nektarij / Skopska street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Sirok Sokak street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Sirok Sokak street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Stopanska Banka Bitola - Jorgo Osmano Street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Stopanska Banka Bitola - Jorgo Osmano Street  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Magnolia Square - One / Vip Store  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Magnolia Square - One / Vip Store  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Art and Trade school during Turkish time   - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Art and Trade school during Turkish time, later factory for chocolates and candy "Progres",     - Bitola 1917 - 2017

House of Army "Oficerski"  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
House of Army "Oficerski"  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

View toward Isak Mosque from the Clock Tower  - Bitola during WW1
View toward Isak Mosque from the Clock Tower  - Bitola during WW1

Shirok Sokak Bitola near Hotel Epinal  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Shirok Sokak Bitola near Hotel Epinal  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

"Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017
"Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge)  - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Clock Tower Bitola - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Clock Tower Bitola - Bitola 1917 - 2017

Shirok Sokak Street - Bitola 1917 - 2017
Shirok Sokak Street - Bitola 1917 - 2017

The "Mill" in Bitola 1917 - 2017
The "Mill" in Bitola 1917 - 2017

The main street "Shirok Sokak" in Bitola near the House of Army "Oficerski"
The main street "Shirok Sokak" in Bitola near the House of Army "Oficerski"

Hotel Constitution (left) damaged by the bombardment of Bitola during WW1. On this location today is Hotel Epinal.
Hotel Constitution (left) damaged by the bombardment of Bitola during WW1. On this location today is Hotel Epinal.

"Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge) on Kurderes river. Bitola 1917 - 2017
"Kamen Most" (Stone Bridge) on Kurderes river. Bitola 1917 - 2017

Entente armies on the main street in Bitola - Shirok Sokak - 1917 - 2017
Entente armies on the main street in Bitola - Shirok Sokak - 1917 - 2017

Magnolia square in Bitola during WW1
Magnolia square in Bitola during WW1

Hamza Bey - "Mosque of Three Sheyks" in Bitola 1917-2017 (Solunska street).On the photo also can be seen the riverbed of Kurderes river
Hamza Bey - "Mosque of Three Sheyks" in Bitola 1917-2017 (Solunska street).On the photo also can be seen the riverbed of Kurderes river


Jewish neighborhood in Bitola during WW1. Today Medical emergency on left and residential houses on right. On the new photo also can be seen the minaret of Isak Mosque.
Jewish neighborhood in Bitola during WW1. Today Medical emergency on left and residential houses on right. On the new photo also can be seen the minaret of Isak Mosque.

Clock Tower in Bitola 1917 - 2017
Clock Tower in Bitola 1917 - 2017

Clock Tower in Bitola 1917 - 2017
Clock Tower in Bitola 1917 - 2017

Prince Aleksandar I Karađorđević with Admiral Ernest Charles Thomas Troubridge in Bitola (21 November 1916) compared to same location in March 2017.
Prince Aleksandar I Karađorđević with Admiral Ernest Charles Thomas Troubridge in Bitola (21 November 1916) compared to same location in March 2017.

Panorama - House of Army "Oficerski" in Bitola 1917 - 2017
Panorama - House of Army "Oficerski" in Bitola 1917 - 2017

More photos coming soon ....

Bitola March 1917 - Photo Gallery

Bitola March 1917 - Photo Gallery
Location: Various locations in Bitola (Monastir), Macedonia
Photographer: "Opérateur K (code armée, photographe)"
Source of Photos: Ministère de la Culture (France) - Médiathèque de l'architecture et du patrimoine - diffusion RMN
Date of photos: March 1917 - during First Word War
Original image legends in French. Translation in English and comments – Macedonia 1912-1918 team


Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola. Captain Lempereur, 272nd Division and a staff officer dictating a telegram during the battle of 19 March
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola. Captain Lempereur, 272nd Division and a staff officer dictating a telegram during the battle of 19 March


Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). Trenches of the Crvena Stena (“Red Rock”) removed by the 175th Infantry, 12 hours before during a violent “Marmitage” with 150 mm shell
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). Trenches of the Crvena Stena (“Red Rock”) removed by the 175th Infantry, 12 hours before during a violent “Marmitage” with 150 mm shell
Marmitage - Dense and continuous bombardment of artillery

Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). Trenches of the Crvena Stena (“Red Rock”) removed by the 175th Infantry, 12 hours before during a violent “Marmitage” with 150 mm shell
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). Trenches of the Crvena Stena (“Red Rock”) removed by the 175th Infantry, 12 hours before during a violent “Marmitage” with 150 mm shell
Marmitage - Dense and continuous bombardment of artillery

Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). An attack takes place on the hill 1248
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). An attack takes place on the hill 1248


Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). An attack takes place on the hill 1248
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir). An attack takes place on the hill 1248


Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  At 4:30 pm, March 19, 1917: The eighth colonial is lying in a ravine, resting before the attack fixed at 5 pm
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  At 4:30 pm, March 19, 1917: The eighth colonial is lying in a ravine, resting before the attack fixed at 5 pm

Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  At 4:30 pm, March 19, 1917: The eighth colonial is lying in a ravine, resting before the attack fixed at 5 pm
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  At 4:30 pm, March 19, 1917: The eighth colonial is lying in a ravine, resting before the attack fixed at 5 pm

Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  Organization of positions
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  Organization of positions

Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  Attack of the hill 1057 starting from the hill 1248 conquered the day before. Artillery organizing itself on its position
Battle of 19 March 1917 north of Bitola (Monastir).  Attack of the hill 1057 starting from the hill 1248 conquered the day before. Artillery organizing itself on its position


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission: Dr. van Djik of the Dutch mission transporting a child asphyxiated by gas.
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission: Dr. van Djik of the Dutch mission transporting a child asphyxiated by gas.
Editor note:
The Dutch mission in Bitola led by  Dr. van Djik, of the Dutch Red Cross was located in the School of the Sisters of St. Joseph, which had been transformed into a hospital for civilians.  
“For four months and under a rain of shells, Dr van Djik and his six Dutch sisters of mercy have nursed the hapless population of Monastir. The Dutch Mission has done excellent work and shown heroic devotion. The Serbs have recognized this officially by conferring the Gold Medal for Gallantry upon Dr. van Djik and the Silver Medal upon each of the six nurses. This distinction is only in rare cases bestowed upon the Serbian medical staff, and had never before been given to foreigners. “ 
Read More: VISIT TO BOMBARDED MONASTIR (Bitola) April 4, 1917 - By Rudolphe Archibald Reiss




In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission: Dutch Doctor Van Djik looking at the victims of gas bombardment
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission: Dutch Doctor Van Djik looking at the victims of gas bombardment 

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The Dutch mission


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. People from Bitola waiting for bread distribution
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. People from Bitola waiting for bread distribution


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  People from Bitola in the city after the bombing
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  People from Bitola in the city after the bombing


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  Transportation of the victims of the bombing
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  Transportation of the victims of the bombing


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. Serb Colonel Vasitch after the bombing
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. Serb Colonel Vasitch after the bombing


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. 

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. Inhabitants of Bitola
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. Inhabitants of Bitola


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  Metropolitan residence. Inhabitants leaving their shelter
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  Metropolitan residence. Inhabitants leaving their shelter


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The day after bombardment with asphyxiating gases: Transport of the bodies of a mother and her two sons
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917. The day after bombardment with asphyxiating gases: Transport of the bodies of a mother and her two sons


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  The Clock Tower
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) - March 1917.  The Clock Tower

The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola:   Commander Collat on the newly conquered lines
The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola:   Commander Collat on the newly conquered lines


The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917).  First front lines near Bitola: Battle around the Hill 1248. Reserves waiting to go to reinforce 1248 in the trenches conquered the day before
The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917).  First front lines near Bitola: Battle around the Hill 1248. Reserves waiting to go to reinforce 1248 in the trenches conquered the day before

The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola
The attack on the Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Ruins in the center of the city
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Ruins in the center of the city


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The monastery, former Q.G. of General Sicre: After the bombing
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The monastery, former Q.G. of General Sicre: After the bombing
Editor note: Krstoar Monastery still existing today

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The Monastery destroyed by our (French) artillery
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The Monastery destroyed by our (French) artillery

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). First shelters at the monastery
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). First shelters at the monastery


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Old Turk repairing the damage of a shell
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Old Turk repairing the damage of a shell


The attack on Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola: Soldiers sleep after the attack
The attack on Hill 1248 near Bitola (Monastir) (16-26 March 1917). First front lines near Bitola: Soldiers sleep after the attack


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage of shell in the Main Street
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage of shell in the Main Street

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage of shell in the Main Street
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage of shell in the Main Street

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). La Grande Rue: Looking south
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). La Grande Rue: Looking south

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The day after bombardment by incendiary shells
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). The day after bombardment by incendiary shells


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). General view of the burnt area
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). General view of the burnt area

In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). In the street next to the disaster
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). In the street next to the disaster


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Rescue of an truck fallen in the Dragor River
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Rescue of an truck fallen in the Dragor River


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage along the Dragor River
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Damage along the Dragor River


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). A bridge in the upper town
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). A bridge in the upper town


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Unloading of cart: Young Turk watching, women carrying sack
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). Unloading of cart: Young Turk watching, women carrying sack


In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). View taken towards north
In the streets of Bitola (Monastir) (March 1917). View taken towards north

Editor note: Solunska street view toward Hamza Bey Mosque